Priority Chart

This chart will help you identify and focus on your pronunciation challenges that prevent you from sounding clear, keep you stuck,  interfere with your flow, or just make you feel self-conscious about your speaking.
The challenges are ranked high to low, because some are more critical than others and more likely to undermine your clarity.

Consonant Swapping (1)

Replacing a consonant with another consonant that exists in English

*Not every consonant swap is critical for your clarity. If you replace one consonant with another in the pairs listed here, you are more likely to be misunderstood. This is why these consonant pairs are high priority.
Below you will find others that are not as critical.

light ~ right

g~ goal

see ~ she

ship ~ chip

can ~ cam

think ~ sink

breathe ~ breeze

pet ~ bet

bad ~ badge

Sound deletion

Dropping a consonant or an entire syllable

tech instead of text (tekst)

mine instead of mind

praks instead of practice

Sound insertion

Adding a vowel (and by that, adding a syllable to the word)

bagu instead of bag

hug-ged instead of hugged

Misplacing the primary stress

Emphasizing the wrong syllable in a word

colleague instead of colleague

develop instead of develop

president instead of president

dictionary instead of dictionary

integrate instead of integrate

Consonant swapping (2)

Replacing a consonant with another consonant that exists in English 


vet ~ wet

thank ~ tank

they ~ day

rise ~ rice

virgin ~ version

Vowel swapping

Replacing a vowel with another vowel that exists in English

cap ~ cup ~ cop

sheep ~ ship

pool ~ pull

bed ~ bad

pen ~ pin

Diphthong simplification

Changing a diphthong into a monophthong

bait ~ bet

coat ~ cot

Using the wrong intonation for your message

Putting the stress on a different word that can change the meaning of a sentence

What do you want?


What do you want?

Not using connected speech

Not linking words together

I / got / a / letter / from / her / friend



Emphasizing every word the same

Giving every word in the sentence the same importance

I would like to go to the park with you

instead of

I’d like t’go t’th’park w’th you

Mispronouncing sounds

Pronouncing a sound as you would in your first language rather than as it should be pronounced in English.





Not aspirating stops at the beginning of words or stressed syllables

Stop sounds in English should be aspirated at the beginning of words and in stressed syllables

pit / ten / cap

Pronouncing all Ts the same

Articulating an aspirated T in all contexts




Subtle mispronunciations * All sounds 
Lack of pitch variation  * Monotone   speech